Often you have heard that the doctors are referring to have a biopsy test, right?
Well, we all know that for detecting cancerous tissues, a biopsy is done. But, almost ninety per cent of us do not have the basic knowledge about this medical examination process. This is why there are several myths about the biopsy examination, and quite shockingly, people do trust those myths.
If you want to know more about biopsy test, then we have got this informative blog for you.
What is a biopsy and why it is recommended?
Health issues are caused by a lot of factors like hormonal imbalance, improper metabolic functions, tissue inflammations, and so on. However, the major concern arises when none of these cause deviation from normal health. For example, let’s say you have a cyst-like growth in your upper arm, and after many diagnoses, the doctor concluded that it’s a tissue growth.
Under such circumstances, the medical professional will have two options- either to declare the mass as benign and harmless or to go for a tissue test for confirming the malignancy. This tissue test is known as the biopsy test, which involves taking out a sample tissue from the concerned body part and then examining it under a microscope and using other methods.
A biopsy is usually recommended under these cases:
- To identify the growth factor of any lumps in the breasts
- To identify the malignancy factor of any damaged tissue after an open injury
- To know whether inflammation is because of a malignant tumour or just a small infection
- To know whether an operatedtumourr is malignant in nature or benign
What is done in a biopsy test?
The next thing which you will have to understand is the procedure by which the biopsy test is conducted. This will help to understand the reality of biopsy and that it is not a monstrous process that one should stay wary of.
Once the doctor recognizes any symptom indicating an uncontrolled growth of cells and tissues, he or she will recommend for the test. Once the test shows that there is a lump of mass, based on its type, the doctor will administer the treatment. Usually, for this test, a small incision is made, and the tissue is collected as a sample. The sample is then sent to the pathology lab where it is stored in proper condition for future examination.
At the time of examination, the sample is tested under microscope preliminary for understanding the growth rate of the cells and whether it matches the exact pattern of the human cell division or not.
What are the different biopsy types?
There are several types of biopsy test which is now being done in the pathology labs. In this coming section, we have described some of the most common biopsy types so that you will have more clarity about this medical procedure.
- Needle biopsy
- Ultrasound-guided biopsy
- Bone biopsy
- CT-guided biopsy
- Bone marrow biopsy
- Liver and kidney biopsy
- Surgical biopsy
- Skin biopsy
What myths are there regarding the biopsy examination?
The last thing which you should be aware of is the myth list concerned with the biopsy test. So, without wasting time, let’s find out!
- A biopsy is mostly considered to be a dangerous operation which can even threaten life.
- If a biopsy is done, the cancerous cells will spread further because then those cells will be exposed.
- Sometimes, if a biopsy is not done correctly, it can enhance the speed of cancer growth.
- A biopsy is not the only way to determine the presence of cancerous growths.
Due to the lack of medical knowledge, a lot of speculations are there about the biopsy test. But with the right information, you will be able to collect the right information and get the right test done.